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    Battle Field Discussion (picture/video) Of African Military .

    OPERATION UNICORD
    Part of nigeria civil war
    Date july 2-12,1967
    Location: northern biafra border
    Result; nigeria victory
    Belligerents; Nigeria and Biafra
    Commanders; Nigeria( sule apollo and martin adamu). Biafra(H.M njoku).
    Casualties: unknown on both sides .

    The Operation UNICORD (July 2 – July 12, 1967) was an
    offensive launched by the Nigerian Army at the beginning of
    the Nigerian Civil War. It involved the capture of 6 major
    Biafran towns near their northern border.
    Background
    When Nigeria became an independent state in October 1960
    the newly formed government consisted mainly of northern
    politician from the Hausa-Fulani ethnic group. Early on the
    Nigerian government became corrupt with various
    politicians swindling public funds and rigging votes. By 1965
    the Nigerian government became so corrupt that uprisings
    against the government sprang up all across Nigeria with
    various politicians attempting to gain more power. This
    resulted in rioting and mass arrests in the cities of Lagos and
    Ibadan. The politician Obafemi Awolowo was falsely blamed
    for causing the riots and was sentenced to 10 years in a
    Nigerian prison. All of the chaos that occurred in the political
    ralm gave was to the 1966 Nigerian coup d'etat in which 11
    senior politicians were killed by mainly Igbo soldiers led by
    the Army Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu. The Nigerian Prime
    Minister Abubakar Balewa was one of the 11 politicians
    assassinated during the coup of January 15. Nzeogwu's
    soldiers were forced to retreat to Kaduna after General
    Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi was able to assemble a force of
    soldiers in Lagos to combat the rebellious soldiers. Ironsi
    was made President of Nigeria on January 16, 1966 and
    became the first Igbo president in Nigerian history. many
    northern generals and politicians were angry at Ironsi for
    two reasons, because he did not execute Major Nzeogwu
    and because he was giving more and more political power
    to southern politicians. On July 29, 1966 Ironsi was
    assassinated by a mutinous soldiers under the command of
    Lt Col Murtala Mohammed and installed Colonel Yakubu
    Gowon as Head of State. The counter-coup resulted in the
    1966 anti-Igbo pogrom and caused the brutal massacre of
    50,000 Igbo civilians living in various northern cities such as
    Kano and Kaduna. These massacres angered many Igbo
    civilians and a call for secession was given by Colonel
    Odumegwu Ojukwu. Ojukwu met with President Gowon in
    Aburi, Ghana in December 1966 to discuss the situation that
    was occurring in Nigeria. A vote was held in May 1967 in the
    Eastern Region of Nigeria that was to see how many
    easterners supported a secession. The vote resulted in 68%
    of easterners approving of a secession of a secular Igbo
    state. On May 30, 1967 Ojukwu officially seceded the Eastern
    Region and proclaimed the new Republic of Biafra. Ojukwu
    managed to assemble a 3,000 man guerrilla force to defend
    Biafra's front lines. In early July 1967 Nigerian President
    Gowon ordered General Olusegun Obasanjo to regain
    control of the Eastern Region.
    Battle
    On July 2, 1967 the Nigerian Army opened its offensive
    operations from the Northern sector. The First Area
    Command NA, supported by an artillery brigade consisting
    of scorpion tanks, saladin armored cars, and ferrets was
    divided into two brigades. The 1st brigade under Maj. Sule
    Apollo advanced down the Ogugu-Ogunga-Nsukka road
    while the 2nd brigade under Maj. Martin Adamu advanced
    down the Gakem-Obudu-Ogoja road. Defending Biafran
    soldiers under Brig. H.M. Njoku managed to repel the attack,
    however, the Nigerian Army began recruiting guides and
    informants to report on the disposition of Biafran troops,
    their strength, and other crucial information. For 10 days the
    Nigerian Army fought its way southward and managed to
    capture the towns of Nsukka, Ogugu, Ogunga, Ogoja, Gakem,
    and Obudu while also forcing defending Biafran troops to
    retreat in disarray. Many Biafran soldiers complained of
    malaria, headache, and other ailments. Thousands of
    Biafran civilians fled their homes, in fear of being massacred
    by Nigerian soldiers, and headed for the Biafran capital,
    Enugu.
    Aftermath
    16 days after the Biafrans retreated Nzeogwu attempted to
    regain control of Nsukka on July 30 but was killed by
    Nigerian soldiers while driving down a road. Obasanjo was
    successful in his conquest of Nsukka but did not enter any
    further into Biafran territory but instead was put aside after
    the Biafran Generals Albert Okonkwo and Victor Banjo
    invaded Nigeria's Mid-Western Region. Murtala Mohammed
    was put in charge of fending off all Biafran soldiers within
    Nigeria's boundaries. Victor Banjo got within 135 miles of
    the Nigerian Capital Lagos before he was intercepted by
    Mohammed's men. After over a month of bloody fighting the
    Biafrans retreated to Onitsha and released their hold over
    the Mid-Western Region. With the Midwest Invasion over the
    Nigerians returned to Nsukka and began planning an
    invasion of the Biafran Capital Enugu. Due to Nsukka's
    proximity to Enugu it was a strategic stronghold. Olusegun
    Obasanjo invaded the area around Enugu in mid September
    1967. Obasanjo knew that Enugu would not fall easily if he
    attacked it head on so he decided to surround the city and
    begin a siege. On September 30 Obasanjo was able to break
    through the Biafran defensive lines around Enugu and
    entered the city. After 6 days of bloody fighting the Biafrans
    fled south to Umuahia.

    Below are some pictures from the civil war
    1) A federal soldier armed with an anti-tank bazooka ,seing covering the end of aba-umuahia road where the biafran troops hold positions,sept 28 1968.
    2)A biafran soldier with an portable anti-tank bazooka
    3)A biafran soldier with a GPMG
    4) A federal soldier captured by biafran troops.

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  • Battle Field Discussion (picture/video) Of African Military .
  • OPERATION UNICORD
    Part of nigeria civil war
    Date july 2-12,1967
    Location: northern biafra border
    Result; nigeria victory
    Belligerents; Nigeria and Biafra
    Commanders; Nigeria( sule apollo and martin adamu). Biafra(H.M njoku).
    Casualties: unknown on both sides .

    The Operation UNICORD (July 2 – July 12, 1967) was an
    offensive launched by the Nigerian Army at the beginning of
    the Nigerian Civil War. It involved the capture of 6 major
    Biafran towns near their northern border.
    Background
    When Nigeria became an independent state in October 1960
    the newly formed government consisted mainly of northern
    politician from the Hausa-Fulani ethnic group. Early on the
    Nigerian government became corrupt with various
    politicians swindling public funds and rigging votes. By 1965
    the Nigerian government became so corrupt that uprisings
    against the government sprang up all across Nigeria with
    various politicians attempting to gain more power. This
    resulted in rioting and mass arrests in the cities of Lagos and
    Ibadan. The politician Obafemi Awolowo was falsely blamed
    for causing the riots and was sentenced to 10 years in a
    Nigerian prison. All of the chaos that occurred in the political
    ralm gave was to the 1966 Nigerian coup d'etat in which 11
    senior politicians were killed by mainly Igbo soldiers led by
    the Army Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu. The Nigerian Prime
    Minister Abubakar Balewa was one of the 11 politicians
    assassinated during the coup of January 15. Nzeogwu's
    soldiers were forced to retreat to Kaduna after General
    Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi was able to assemble a force of
    soldiers in Lagos to combat the rebellious soldiers. Ironsi
    was made President of Nigeria on January 16, 1966 and
    became the first Igbo president in Nigerian history. many
    northern generals and politicians were angry at Ironsi for
    two reasons, because he did not execute Major Nzeogwu
    and because he was giving more and more political power
    to southern politicians. On July 29, 1966 Ironsi was
    assassinated by a mutinous soldiers under the command of
    Lt Col Murtala Mohammed and installed Colonel Yakubu
    Gowon as Head of State. The counter-coup resulted in the
    1966 anti-Igbo pogrom and caused the brutal massacre of
    50,000 Igbo civilians living in various northern cities such as
    Kano and Kaduna. These massacres angered many Igbo
    civilians and a call for secession was given by Colonel
    Odumegwu Ojukwu. Ojukwu met with President Gowon in
    Aburi, Ghana in December 1966 to discuss the situation that
    was occurring in Nigeria. A vote was held in May 1967 in the
    Eastern Region of Nigeria that was to see how many
    easterners supported a secession. The vote resulted in 68%
    of easterners approving of a secession of a secular Igbo
    state. On May 30, 1967 Ojukwu officially seceded the Eastern
    Region and proclaimed the new Republic of Biafra. Ojukwu
    managed to assemble a 3,000 man guerrilla force to defend
    Biafra's front lines. In early July 1967 Nigerian President
    Gowon ordered General Olusegun Obasanjo to regain
    control of the Eastern Region.
    Battle
    On July 2, 1967 the Nigerian Army opened its offensive
    operations from the Northern sector. The First Area
    Command NA, supported by an artillery brigade consisting
    of scorpion tanks, saladin armored cars, and ferrets was
    divided into two brigades. The 1st brigade under Maj. Sule
    Apollo advanced down the Ogugu-Ogunga-Nsukka road
    while the 2nd brigade under Maj. Martin Adamu advanced
    down the Gakem-Obudu-Ogoja road. Defending Biafran
    soldiers under Brig. H.M. Njoku managed to repel the attack,
    however, the Nigerian Army began recruiting guides and
    informants to report on the disposition of Biafran troops,
    their strength, and other crucial information. For 10 days the
    Nigerian Army fought its way southward and managed to
    capture the towns of Nsukka, Ogugu, Ogunga, Ogoja, Gakem,
    and Obudu while also forcing defending Biafran troops to
    retreat in disarray. Many Biafran soldiers complained of
    malaria, headache, and other ailments. Thousands of
    Biafran civilians fled their homes, in fear of being massacred
    by Nigerian soldiers, and headed for the Biafran capital,
    Enugu.
    Aftermath
    16 days after the Biafrans retreated Nzeogwu attempted to
    regain control of Nsukka on July 30 but was killed by
    Nigerian soldiers while driving down a road. Obasanjo was
    successful in his conquest of Nsukka but did not enter any
    further into Biafran territory but instead was put aside after
    the Biafran Generals Albert Okonkwo and Victor Banjo
    invaded Nigeria's Mid-Western Region. Murtala Mohammed
    was put in charge of fending off all Biafran soldiers within
    Nigeria's boundaries. Victor Banjo got within 135 miles of
    the Nigerian Capital Lagos before he was intercepted by
    Mohammed's men. After over a month of bloody fighting the
    Biafrans retreated to Onitsha and released their hold over
    the Mid-Western Region. With the Midwest Invasion over the
    Nigerians returned to Nsukka and began planning an
    invasion of the Biafran Capital Enugu. Due to Nsukka's
    proximity to Enugu it was a strategic stronghold. Olusegun
    Obasanjo invaded the area around Enugu in mid September
    1967. Obasanjo knew that Enugu would not fall easily if he
    attacked it head on so he decided to surround the city and
    begin a siege. On September 30 Obasanjo was able to break
    through the Biafran defensive lines around Enugu and
    entered the city. After 6 days of bloody fighting the Biafrans
    fled south to Umuahia.

    Below are some pictures from the civil war
    1) A federal soldier armed with an anti-tank bazooka ,seing covering the end of aba-umuahia road where the biafran troops hold positions,sept 28 1968.
    2)A biafran soldier with an portable anti-tank bazooka
    3)A biafran soldier with a GPMG
    4) A federal soldier captured by biafran troops.

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